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Abbey of Our Lady of the Valley

aerial view.jpg (33442 bytes) The Cumberland Public Library is situated on the site of the Monastery of Our Lady of the Valley, occupied by the monks of the Cistercian Order of the Strict Observance, commonly known as Trappists. The story began in Nova Scotia in 1892, when a fire destroyed the Abbey of Petit Clairvaux. The monks then needed to re-locate elsewhere.  
first_home.jpg (23631 bytes) Dom John Murphy purchased 530 acres of land in the Town of Cumberland in August of 1900 from the Right Reverend Matthew Harkins, Bishop of Providence. Temporary quarters were quickly constructed, establishing one of the first Trappist monasteries in United States. The name of Our Lady of the Valley was selected because the nearest village was named Valley Falls and the site overlooked the Blackstone River. The monks themselves quarried the granite stone on the property to erect the many buildings.  
guest house2.jpg (22061 bytes) In 1902 the first building was constructed. It served as the entire monastery, for both monks and lay guests, until the church was dedicated in 1928. It then became the Guest Wing. It was here that the disastrous fire of 1950 began. Ironically, this building was one of the few made of wood, having only a stone facade. It was scheduled to be torn down and replaced at a later date.  
statue.jpg (17441 bytes) In front of the Guest Wing stood a white Carrara marble pedestal and statue of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a great teacher of the Cistercian Order. The statue was presented to the monks by Father Thomas J. Fitzpatrick of Saint Patrick's Church in Valley Falls in 1938. The monks took the statue with them to Spencer, Massachusetts. Behind the statue can be seen the double doors that led to what was then the main entrance to the Abbey.  
parlor.jpg (81204 bytes) These doors led to a large lobby. The main floor consisted of the lobby, two guest parlors and the guests' dining-room and pantry. A wooden staircase led from the lobby to the second and third floors occupied by the monks.  
refectory.jpg (26593 bytes) This refectory was for guests of the Abbey. To the right of the lobby was the office of the abbot's secretary and his archives. The second floor contained private rooms for guests, the Lay brothers' novitiate and the monastic library. The entire top floor contained sleeping accommodations for about sixty monks.  
old chapel.jpg (71579 bytes) Until the church was consecrated in 1928, the Lay brothers' Chapter Room was used as the monastery chapel.  
closeup guest.jpg (132612 bytes) In this close-up of the Guest Wing, one can see a small wood shingled addition on the extreme right. This was used as a small dormitory for senior lay brothers. The cloister ran along the west side of this wing. The circular wooden belfry housed the bell that called the Guestmaster and Father Confessor when outsiders arrived. This bell perished in the fire, for despite it's strong appearance, the Guest House was made of tinder-dry wood and was to have been demolished as a fire hazard at the earliest opportunity. old cloister.jpg (26297 bytes)
cobbler.jpg (22773 bytes) The basement of the Guest Wing contained the guests' kitchen, the bread-oven, the shoe-making and repairing shop, and the storerooms.  The Abbey was self-sufficient, growing and raising their own food. They also sold items in the gift shop of the Porter's Lodge.  To the right is a photo of the apple orchard. orchard.jpg (18752 bytes)
oxcart.jpg (27774 bytes) Also on the property were barns and other buildings to house the work animals.  Oxen moved materials from place to place and helped plow the fields. oxen.jpg (27239 bytes)
field_work.jpg (22346 bytes) The oxen were not the only ones to work in the field. The photo on the left shows the novices hard at work. To the right we see them returning from a day of labor to a time of prayer. novices.jpg (38060 bytes)
  Daily life at Our Lady of the Valley held to a strict routine. The community rose at 2:00 A.M., earlier on feast days and Sundays, and spent the day in liturgical and mental prayer, study and manual labor. Most of the manual labor is done by lay brothers, who either do not have the aptitude for study or do not wish to become priests.
While the lay brothers did the manual work, the religious did the "work of God". Both priests and lay brothers ate very sparingly, mostly bread, vegetables and tea or coffee. Meat was only given to those who needed it because of illness. The Cistercians are under a rule perpetual silence, which was conducive to the observance of regular discipline. While they were allowed to speak with superiors and sometimes others, they developed a system of sign language that contained simple verbs, nouns and adjectives for all other conversation.
 
view_from_orch.jpg (69107 bytes) The new chapel, which can be seen here from the orchard, was divided into two sections. One side was reserved for outsiders, who entered through the main entrance, under the east window. A secondary entrance was at the foot of the stair tower. It led to a balcony which could hold two hundred or so worshippers. Inside, a heavily carved rood screen divided the monks from the parishioners. The photo on the right shows the monks' side, with an excellent view of the Visitor's Gallery and the Rood Screen. In the upper left of this picture, one can see the railing of the Infirmary balcony. From here the aged and infirm could sit and observe Mass. visitors_gallery.jpg (28674 bytes)
  The whole interior of the church was of plaster, the walls in buff, Caen-stone finish and scored to resemble blocks, the "vaults" of molded white plaster. The plaster key-stones, bosses, capitals and the corbels on which rested the ribs of the vaults were beautifully cast.
The basement of the church once held the refectory.
Refectory in the basement
side altar.jpg (21816 bytes) As the number of monks ordained to the priesthood increased, side altars had to be provided for their daily 'private' masses.  These wooden altars were brought to Rhode Island from Nova Scotia when the monks relocated here in 1900. side chapels.jpg (24148 bytes)
vestry.jpg (19922 bytes) This photo shows the vestry where the vestments and altar missals were prepared for the following day's masses. The cases, presses and closets, were constructed from various hardwoods salvaged from the old Providence County Courthouse. Some of these vestment cases are still in use at Spencer.  
  This cloister was on the main floor of the west wing, completed in 1931. It was used for the Stations of the Cross and is now the second floor of the Cumberland Library. The side doors led to the Sacristy, Chapter Room and roof-walk or "bridge" which connected this building to the Novitiate, now the Senior Center. At the very end of the corridor was a statue of the Madonna and Child under the title of "Mother of Mercy". It was executed by a Trappist monk-sculptor in Normandy. cloister.jpg (20439 bytes)
  The entire third floor of the west wing was devoted to the monastic Infirmary. In its day, it contained sick rooms, dispensary, x-ray room, refectory, common-room and chapel. At one time there was even an operating theatre there.  
chapter room.jpg (19003 bytes) The Chapter Room was where the monastic community assembled each morning and evening to impart news and air grievances. It also served as the Scriptorium where the solemnly professed monks did their reading, studying and writing. The paneling behind the dais and the two library tables were also made from material from the Providence County Courthouse. The room now serves as the Community Room of the Library.  
Novitiate This view of the Novitiate shows the connecting halls to the right.  
scriptorium.jpg (20665 bytes) The Novitiate contained a Scriptorium, Chapel, Refectory, and Dormitory. To the left, a monk is studying at a long library table. The "throne" that can be seen behind him was donated by Saint Francis Xavier Academy in Providence. Here the Novice Master would sit and give his thrice weekly "repetitions" or conferences to his novices. On the right, is the Chapel with a simple altar. The four brass candlesticks were brought from Nova Scotia and are now at the Spencer Abbey. novchapel.jpg (18606 bytes)
dormitory.jpg (18033 bytes) The Dormitory for the Novices occupied the entire top floor of the Novitiate and contained about twenty-four cubicles.  Each "cell" measured five feet by seven and consisted of a bunk made up of a straw mattress resting directly upon three boards.  Only the very aged and infirm were given private rooms, the exception being snorers who were given completely enclosed cubicles to keep out the noise.  
Aerial view This aerial view shows all of the buildings including the Porter's Lodge, church, novitiate, Cloister and Guest House. One can also see the connecting hall between the Cloister and the Novitiate. A water tower is visible on the lower right. This statue of Saint Bernard was once in a niche over the Porter's Lodge. The Latin inscription means "Peace to those who enter". Statue over Porter's Lodge
fire1.jpg (27068 bytes) On March 21, 1950, a terrible fire destroyed the Guest House and most of the church. The fire was discovered under the stairway of the Guest House. It spread quickly in the dormitory and leapt to the roof of the church. All of the 140 monks inside were able to escape, some of them by using ladders and others dropping 20 feet from the windows. fire3.jpg (11419 bytes)
fire2.jpg (17855 bytes) The battle against the fire began with a bucket brigade of monks who were later joined by fire fighters from 10 communities. After the fire, volunteers used outdoor stoves to provide soup for the displaced monks.
Damages were estimated to be $2 million in 1950 dollars, so one can imagine the cost in today's economy. After the fire, the monastic community decided to build on a larger piece of property they owned in Spencer, Massachusetts. This was to have been a second community. They are still there today.
Help from community
  The following footage was taken the day after the fire. It captures the devastating damage taken by a number of the areas of the monastery.
 

Bibliography

Futterer, Fr. M. Edmundus. Cistercian Monks of the Strict Observance.
Valley Falls, RI : Abbey of Our Lady of theValley, 1947
Levesque, Janet. "Monastery slide show", 1986.
Providence Sunday Journal, 10 December 1944.

Suggested Reading

Barakat, Robert A. Cistercian sign-language: a study in non-verbal communication.
Kalamazoo, Mich. : Cistercian Publications, 1975.
Leroux-Dhuys, Jean Francois. Cistercian Abbeys : history and architecture.
Koln : Konnemann, 1998.
Michaud, Stephen G. and Aynesworth, Hugh. "If you love me you will do my will".
New York : W.W. Norton and Company, 1990.
Photographic views of the Abbey of Our Lady of the Valley.
Lonsdale, RI : [R.I.?], s.n., [19--?]
Staff of the Cumberland Public Library. The Monastery.
Cumberland, RI : The Staff [between 1978 and 1998]
Vandenbroucke, Francois. Why monks?.
Washington : Cistercian Publications, 1972.